U.S. Department of State Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs published the 2019 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR), which reads - among other things - that Bosnia and Herzegovina is not a major producer or consumer of illicit drugs or precursor chemicals. 

It is primarily a transit country, positioned between drug processing centers in Southwest Asia and markets in Western Europe. The Adriatic coast is also a major gateway for South American cocaine destined for Europe”, the report reads.

According to the INCSR, transnational criminal organizations dominate the drug trade in the Balkans and largely traffic cannabis, heroin, and cocaine.

Bosnian criminal organizations often operate outside of the Balkans, though leaders of these organizations reside within the country. Law enforcement and security institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina remain limited and do not effectively deter trafficking”, the report reads.

The fragmented structure of law enforcement agencies and inter-agency rivalries impede effective cooperation in detecting drug crimes and pursuing joint investigations. There is little coordination between units that could connect drug activity to larger organized crime and money laundering operations”, concluded the Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs.