Bosnia and Herzegovina ranks 81st on the 2019 Global Peace Index (GPI), created by the US Institute for Economics and Peace.
The 13th edition of the GPI ranked a total of 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness.
Up from the 90th place one year ago, Bosnia and Herzegovina remains among a handful of European countries with less than ‘high’ level of peace - together with Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Belarus and Kosovo. United States is also among the countries with ‘very low’ level of peace.
The GPI covers 99.7 percent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace using three thematic domains: the level of societal safety and security; the extent of ongoing domestic and international conflicts; and the degree of militarisation.
Results of this year’s report show that the average level of global peacefulness improved very slightly in 2019. However, this is also the first time the index has improved in five years.
Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008. It is joined at the top of the index by New Zealand, Austria, Portugal, and Denmark. Afghanistan is now the least peaceful country in the world, while Syria, South Sudan, Yemen, and Iraq comprise the remaining five least peaceful countries.